Tir à l’arc

1) COMMENT CHOISIR SON ARC ?

L’arc se choisi en fonction de l’allonge du tireur et de sa morphologie.
Pour simplifier le choix se fait en fonction de la taille de l’archer.

Chaque archer adaptera la puissance de l’arc à sa force physique.
Préférez un arc de plus faible puissance pour en garder la maîtrise.
La vitesse sans le contrôle n’apporte aucun avantage.

EQUIPEMENTS DE L’ARC


La corde : C’est l’élément qui permet de restituer à la flèche l’énergie emmagasinée par les branches. Il existe des matériaux plus ou moins élastiques en fonction de la performance recherchée.
Le repose-flèche : C’est le tremplin de la flèche, il en conditionne le vol. Autocollant ou à visser en fonction des arcs et des usages (gaucher ou droitier).
Le viseur : Organe important pour augmenter la précision de votre tir.
Le berger-button : Il s’agit d’une tête en métal ou en téflon monté sur ressort qui permet de corriger les déformations de la flèche lors du lâcher.

PROTECTION DE L’ARCHER


La corde génère des frottements sur certaines parties du corps et il est préférable de s’en protéger.
Protection de doigts : Palette ou gantier.
Protection du bras d’arc : Bracelet court ou long.
Protection de la poitrine : Plastron.

EQUIPEMENTS DE L’ARCHER


Le carquois : Il permet à l’archer de se déplacer avec les flèches à la ceinture et de les avoir à portée de main lors du tir.
Les housses ou mallettes : Souples ou rigides elles protègent votre matériel et permettent de le déplacer en toute sécurité.

LES PLUMES

 

-Plus les plumes sont longues, plus rapide est la stabilisation de la flèche, plus la précision est augmentée à de courtes distances.
-Plus les plumes sont courtes, moins il y a de prise au vent, plus elles seront adaptées aux tirs longues distances.
-Les flèches empennées à trois plumes sont constituées d’une plume de coq et de deux plumes de poule.
-La plume de coq se positionne perpendiculairement sur la fenêtre de tir.

 

LES POINTES

Formes Caractéristiques Usage
Ogive Toute ciblerie Tirs cibles
Tirs loisirs
Tirs parcours
Field Pénétration importante
Blunt Caoutchouc

Métal

Assommoir Tirs à la pêche
Chasse petits gibiers
Judo Ne s’enfonce pas en terre Entraînement chasse
Monobloc 2, 3 ou 4 lames Chasse gros gibiers
Lame interchangeable
2, 3 ou 4 lames
Changement de lames
Pêche Ardillons Chasse aux poissons


2) CHOISIR SA FLECHE

Pour choisir ses flèches il est indispensable de connaître son allonge et la puissance de son arc.
Si vous débutez préférez une flèche solide et tolérante puis évoluez vers plus de précision.

Matériau Avantages Inconvénients Usage
Bois Peu cher Fragile et peu de rectitude Chasse et traditionnel
Aluminium Rectitude Fragile et lourd Tir à courte distance
Carbone Droit & léger Aucun Tous
Aluminium Carbone Top qualité Prix Cible compétition
Fibre de verre Robuste Rectitude & poids Loisir



3) CHOISIR SA CIBLE

a- LES BUTTES DE TIR ET FILETS DE PROTECTION

Définition :

La cible est indispensable, son rôle est d’arrêter les flèches sans les casser.

Matériaux

Avantages

Inconvénients

Structure

Usage

Puissance d’arrêt en lbs

Mousses

P.U.

Légères tout temps

Prix élevé

Collectif Individuel
Plaques

X

X

De 10 à 65 lbs

Bandes

X

Représentation animal 3D

X

X

P.E.

Légères tout temps peu chères

Usure rapide

Plaques

X

X

De 10 à 25 lbs

Bandes

X

Pailles

Riz ou Blé

Peu chères longévité

Lourdes

Plaques

X

X

De 15 à 65 lbs

Bandes

X

Roulées

X

X

Jetable

Carton

Peu chères

Usure rapide

Plaque

X

De 10 à 25 lbs

Utilisez un chevalet adapté pour supporter votre cible afin qu’elle ne chute pas avec des flèches plantées.

b- LES BLASONS


Définition :

Quelque soit la discipline pratiquée et la distance on utilisera toujours un blason adapté pour mesurer ses performances.

Type FITA

Diamètres Distance de tir officielle
40cm 18 m indoor
60cm 25 m indoor
80cm 30 m indoor
122cm 50, 60, 70 & 90 m outdoor

Type FIELD
Distances de tir de 5m à 60m en parcours de 24 cibles

Type BEURSAULT
Tir traditionnel à 30m & 50m

Type Animaliers
Représentation en 2 ou 3 dimensions d’animaux.

Type Loisir

4) SECURITÉ


1 – La sécurité : Les précautions collectives

1 – Les archers doivent toujours être situés sur une seule ligne de tir
2 – Ne jamais pointer un arc vers quelqu’un, avec ou sans flèche
3 – Ne jamais toucher un arc en position de tir
4 – Ne jamais tirer avant que tout le monde soit de retour sur la ligne de tir
5 – Exiger que les archers se retirent de plusieurs pas derrière la ligne de tir après leur volée
6 – Ne pas se tenir juste derrière les flèches lorsqu’un archer les retire de la cible
7 – Veiller à ce qu’un archer ne tire jamais avec une corde ou des flèches endommagées.

2 –  La sécurité : Les précautions individuelles

1 – Tout débutant devra porter un protège bras; cet accessoire évitera bien des déconvenues
2 – Toute position devra assurer le libre passage de la corde. Port de vêtement ajustés ou plastron conseillé.
3 – Ne pas se servir de flèches trop courtes, celle ci peuvent occasionner de graves blessures à la main d’arc si elles tombent du repose flèche lors du tir.
4 – Ne jamais passer devant une ligne d’archer de près ou de loin
5 – En allonge ne jamais lâcher une corde sans flèche, les risques de rupture du matériel sont très importants
6 – Laisser un arc devant la cible à l’occasion d’une recherche de flèches perdues derrière celle ci; sa présence indiquera que la cible n’a pas été dégagée.

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